GharMirdumSmTitle.gif (10754 bytes)

Photo Album Page 1 - (Page2)
Click to enlarge photos.

Diary l Photos2 l Cave Complex l The Survey l Equipment I Finds l Museum Report 1964 l Mallia's Lecture l Malta TV l Search 

CensuBugeja1.jpg (49523 bytes) CavingTeam.jpg (15608 bytes)

The Team working on the two-year exploration and excavation,
with the MTV Film Team and Curator of Archeology - Jan 1965.

Back: MTV Crew with Vincent Sciberras (in black)
Left: Ernest German & Bernard Storace (front)
Right: Paul Calleja-Gera, Francis Mallia - Curator of Archeology
& Vincent Bugeja, deceased (front)

CensuBugeja2.jpg (58606 bytes)

cliffs3.jpg (51921 bytes) cliffs1.jpg (70886 bytes) cliffs2.jpg (85905 bytes) cliffs4.jpg (49839 bytes)
These two arial photographs of Dingli Cliffs (centre) were taken at our request by HMS Falcon's helicopter in 1965. They clearly show the gradual collapse of the cliffs over the millennia probably due to the massive amount of caves on the cliff faces, coupled with erosion of the blue clay layer at the base of the cliffs. Caves like these still abound, like Ghar Hassan and many others along the south side of the island. It is my opinion that Bronze age people, and possibly even Neolithic, inhabited these caves, and much evidence is still buried under the millions of tons of what is now the scree, or 'Rdum' below the cliffs.

The Colour photograph on the left also shows the result of a collapse of the rock face due to erosion of the foot of what must have probably been a cave in the cliff face. The photograph on the right, which is just above Ghar Mirdum, illustrates the breaking away of the roof of the cave, leaving behind what appears to be the cliff end of the cave.

The Exploration & Discoveries in Ghar Mirdum

west-entrance.jpg (256425 bytes) best-foot-forward.jpg (153905 bytes) venturing-down.jpg (122015 bytes) EastEntrance.jpg (51286 bytes)
Venturing down the West Entrance Best foot forward.
(Yardstick is 2 foot long)
Going deeper down to Chamber A Ernest and I at the West Entrance on day one!
cave1.jpg (182857 bytes) cave2.jpg (194006 bytes) dig1.jpg (137006 bytes) chamberA.jpg (152833 bytes)
Showing the  make-up of the passageways - just rocks. And further in. First dig at top level chamber - Roman pottery found here. Chamber A looking up at the entrance.
Ladder1.jpg (34695 bytes) TheKitchen.jpg (21784 bytes) cave3.jpg (186693 bytes) mallia1.jpg (155222 bytes)
Guest for the day being guided down the rope ladder. Entering The Kitchen, after the Rope Ladder descent. The first step-down to the Roman pottery find from the cave entrance. Mr. Francis Mallia, Curator of Archeology, being helped down a rope ladder to the lower chamber.
Team1.jpg (99587 bytes) survey2.jpg (151055 bytes) survey1.jpg (180176 bytes) Team2.jpg (98520 bytes)
Four of the team in one of the Chambers. Note the large boulders to both sides, which make the entrance. The Author taking measurements of the top chamber. Ernest surveying the top chamber with liquid compass. The team examining the day's finds of a mixture of potters shards.
squeeze.jpg (40528 bytes) Team3.jpg (30743 bytes) dig4.jpg (50490 bytes) dig6.jpg (32133 bytes)
The laborious task of passing bagged finds and equipment through The Squeeze. Vincent Bugeja & Ernest German enjoy coffee break in 'The Kitchen'. Handing over some of the many finds to be labelled and packed. Part of a large clay pot seen lying on the rubble. Note acetylene carbide lamp on left.
CensuBugeja.jpg (39829 bytes) dig7.jpg (46136 bytes) dig8.jpg (46349 bytes) dig9.jpg (56998 bytes)
Vincent Bugeja painfully negotiating The Squeeze.
('Censu', as he was known, passed away some years ago.)
Ernest German scraping the surface to uncover pottery. The author cleaning the new finds of soil. Ernest taking a close look at some new finds.


Copyright P Calleja-Gera:  All rights reserved.